Europe Chronicle



Europe, 6th largest continent, c.4,000,000 sq mi (10,360,000 sq km) including adjacent islands (1992 est. pop. 512,000,000). It is actually a vast peninsula of the great Eurasian land mass. By convention, it is separated from Asia by the Urals and the Ural River in the east; by the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus in the southeast; and by the Black Sea, the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles in the south. The Mediterranean Sea and the Strait of Gibraltar separate it from Africa. Europe is washed in the north by the Arctic Ocean, and in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, with which the North Sea and the Baltic Sea are connected...Europe General Information.

History of Europe

From prehistoric to modern times, Europe has been occupied by numerous peoples and nations. The following summary will emphasize only those events, developments, trends, and individuals that have been responsible for decisive transitions or transformations in Europe through the ages. The history sections of the articles on European countries contain more detailed data on the genesis, growth, and present state of continental civilization. These sections also refer the reader to a wide range of articles dealing with broader aspects of European history. Moreover, a number of articles contain references to other related entries on continental affairs. Further reading on specific periods of European history will provide greater understanding of the continent's development.

Economy of Europe

Europe is highly industrialized; the largest industrial areas are found in W central Europe, England, N Italy, Ukraine, and European Russia. Agriculture, forestry (in N Europe), and fishing (along the Atlantic coast) are also important. Europe has a large variety of minerals; coal, iron ore, and salt are abundant. Oil and gas are found in E Europe and beneath the North Sea. Coal is used to produce a significant, but declining amount of Europe's electricity; in Norway and Sweden and in the Alps hydroelectric plants supply a large percentage of the power. More than 25% of Europe's electricity is generated from nuclear power...more on Economy of Europe.

Also Read:
- Europe: International Trade
- Europe: Patterns of Economic Development
- Europe: Agriculture
- Europe: Forestry and Fishing
- Europe: Mining
- Europe: Manufacturing
- Europe: Energy
- Europe: Transportation

Europe at a Glance

Physical Geography: The huge Alpine mountain chain, of which the Pyrenees, the Alps, the Carpathians, the Balkans, and the Caucasus are the principal links...more on Physical Geography of Europe.
Climate of Europe: The climate of Europe varies from subtropical to polar. The Mediterranean climate of the south is dry and warm...more on climate of Europe.
Regions of Europe: Europe can be divided into five geographic regions: Scandinavia (Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark)...more of regions of Europe.
People of Europe: Indo-European languages (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table) predominate in Europe; others spoken include Basque...more on people and population of Europe.
Biodiversity of Europe
: Having lived side-by-side with agricultural and industrial civilisations for millennia, Europe’s animals and plants have been profoundly affected by the presence and activities...more on Biodiversity of Europe.
Physical features of Europe: In terms of shape, Europe is a collection of connected peninsulas. The two largest of these are “mainland” Europe and Scandinavia to the north, divided from each...more on Physical Features of Europe.
Ethnologyof Europe: Europe includes a large number of ethnic groups - persons associated by a common culture, especially language. European nations are generally...more on Ethnologyof Europe.
Demography of Europe:
The distribution of the European population has not been stable over long periods, but has shifted, both through differential birth and death rates and by migration...more on Demography of Europe.
Religion of Europe: In the early 2000s the great majority of Europeans were Christians. The largest single religious group, Roman Catholics, lived mainly in France, Spain...more on Religion of Europe.
Cultural Activity in Europe: Europe has a long tradition of excellence in literature, painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and dance. In the late 20th century Paris, Rome, London, Madrid...more on Cultural Activity in Europe.
Languages of Europe: Europeans speak a wide variety of languages. The principal linguistic groups are the Slavic, which includes Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Polish, Slovenian, Macedonian, and Serbo-Croatian...more on Languages of Europe

Travel Chronicle: Europe Destination Guide